It includes study of algorithmic processes and development of both hardware and software.It has scientific, engineering, mathematical, technological and social aspects. Definition of computer-science noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. GUI design, which was pioneered by Xerox and was later picked up by Apple (Macintosh) and finally by Microsoft (Windows), is important because it constitutes what people see and do when they interact with a computing device. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. Computer science is considered as part of a family of five separate yet interrelated disciplines: computer engineering, computer science, information systems, information technology, and software engineering. Computer Science Definition. Meaning of words are provided with definition, synonyms and antonyms. Such tasks include moving, seeing, hearing, speaking, understanding natural language, thinking, and even exhibiting human emotions. This invention led not only to more cleverly designed file systems but also to the development of database and information retrieval systems, which later became essential for storing, retrieving, and transmitting large amounts and wide varieties of data across the Internet. the study of computers, how they work, and how to make use of them: She has a degree in computer science. For instance, if you are looking to work in cybersecurity or as a systems administrator, computer science may be a good fit for you. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. These concerns and others form the basis of social and professional issues of computer science, and they appear in almost all the other fields identified above. Computer science bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral degree programs are routinely offered by postsecondary academic institutions, and these programs require students to complete appropriate mathematics and engineering courses, depending on their area of focus. Both groups quickly learned that writing programs in the machine language of zeros and ones was not practical or reliable. What made you want to look up computer science? All definitions on the TechTerms website are written to be technically accurate but also easy to understand. The most influential computer scientists include Alan Turing, the World War II code breaker commonly regarded as the “father of modern computing”; Tim Berners-Lee, inventor of the World Wide Web; John McCarthy, inventor of the programming language LISP and artificial intelligence pioneer; and Grace Hopper, U.S. Navy officer and a key figure in the development of early computers such as the UNIVAC I as well as the development of the computer language compiler. computer science definition: 1. the study of computers and how they can be used 2. the study of computers and how they can be…. Let's take a closer look at this. One strategy for determining which path is right for you is to consider your career goals. Float is a term is used in various programming languages to define a variable with a fractional value. In Object-oriented programming languages, inheritance is a way to add functionality. In digital numeral systems, the number of unique digits, including the digit zero, used to represent numbers in a positional numeral system. Since nearly all computers are now connected to the Internet, the computer science umbrella covers Internet technologies as well. Sensors are reliable; Sensors are accurate; Sensors don’t get tired Support for all these activities evolved into the field of computer science known as graphics and visual computing. Computer science definition is - a branch of science that deals with the theory of computation or the design of computers. They are often positive whole number s, but they can be negative number s, fractional number s, … Security and information assurance deals with the design of computing systems and software that protects the integrity and security of data, as well as the privacy of individuals who are characterized by that data. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The course brings together elements of technology, science and creative digital media, providing an insight into the challenge, excitement and reward to be found in these areas. With expanded coverage of networking and databases, feature entries on key topics, e.g. Parallel and distributed computing concerns the development of architectures and programming languages that support the development of algorithms whose components can run simultaneously and asynchronously (rather than sequentially), in order to make better use of time and space. computer scientist n. The idea that instructions, as well as data, could be stored in a computer’s memory was critical to fundamental discoveries about the theoretical behaviour of algorithms. Explanation of Atomic (computer science) With the emergence of the Internet in the 1980s, for example, software developers needed to address important issues related to information security, personal privacy, and system reliability. Computer science, or CS, entails both the theory of computation and algorithms used in software applications as well as the design of hardware used in computing devices like PCs, laptop computers, tablets and smartphones. Browse through our list of over 15,000 computer terms and definitions using the above search, browsing by letter, or by clicking one of the links below. Accessed 19 Dec. 2020. Sensors send data to a microprocessor (computer). Computing science synonyms, Computing science pronunciation, Computing science translation, English dictionary definition of Computing science. Computing definition, the use of a computer to process data or perform calculations. Another long-term goal of computer science research is the creation of computing machines and robotic devices that can carry out tasks that are typically thought of as requiring human intelligence. Computer Science vs Computer Engineering: Roles and Responsibilities. This family has come to be known collectively as the discipline of computing. XML, and the addition of biographical entries, it is a comprehensive reference work encompassing all aspects of the subject. And while the development of the first computer systems has its origins in electrical engineering and … Browse the dictionary alphabetically or search by keyword. This discovery led to the development of assembly language in the early 1950s, which allows programmers to use symbols for instructions (e.g., ADD for addition) and variables (e.g., X). The relative ease with which two states (e.g., high and low voltage) can be realized in electrical and electronic devices led naturally to the binary digit, or bit, becoming the basic unit of data storage and transmission in a computer system. Therefore, computer ethics is set of moral principles that regulate the use of computers. It explains in computing terminology what Data means and is one of many computing terms in the TechTerms dictionary. computing, datalogy; comp sci, CS; Translations For instance, if you are looking to work in cybersecurity or as a systems administrator, computer science may be a good fit for you. A derived class inherits most fields and methods from its parent class. The free offline Computer Science dictionary application explains the meaning of Computer Science words Download the largest Computer Science dictionary with over lakhs of Computer Science words. Computer hardware is a general term to describe all the physical parts of a computer system. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'computer science.' User-focused aspects of computer science include computer graphics and user interface design. Computer science, the study of computers and computing, including their theoretical and algorithmic foundations, hardware and software, and their uses for processing information. Computer science is the integration of principles and applications of technologies that are required to provide access to information. Management information systems, originally called data processing systems, provided early ideas from which various computer science concepts such as sorting, searching, databases, information retrieval, and graphical user interfaces evolved. Additionally, the prevalence of online resources and courses makes it possible for many people to self-learn the more practical aspects of computer science (such as coding, video game development, and app design). So, to summarize, the discipline of computer science has evolved into the following 15 distinct fields: Computer science continues to have strong mathematical and engineering roots. Protocol, in computer science, a set of rules or procedures for transmitting data between electronic devices, such as computers.In order for computers to exchange information, there must be a preexisting agreement as to how the information will be structured and how each side will send and receive it. Learn a new word every day. General computing: Refers to users, components and organizations. As a discipline, computer science spans a range of topics from theoretical studies of algorithms, computation and information to the practical issues of implementing computing systems in hardware and software. This field of computer science is known as information management. Historically, computer science has developed as a science from mathematics. Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. n. The study of computation and computer technology, hardware, and software. However, they also include computational science (the use of algorithmic techniques for modeling scientific data), graphics and visualization, human-computer interaction, databases and information systems, networks, and the social and professional issues that are unique to the practice of computer science. Define computer science. It can modify the behaviour of the parent, by adding new fields and methods, or by modifying existing ones. That is, questions such as, “What can/cannot be computed?” have been formally addressed using these abstract ideas. Exponents do not have to be numbers or constants; they can be variables. computer science (uncountable) The study of computers and their architecture, languages, and applications, in all aspects, as well as the mathematical structures that relate to computers and computation. These tensions stem from the fact that `Computing Science' is a misnoma. Computer Ethics: Ethics is a set of moral principles that govern the behavior of a group or individual. Expensive hardware and the limited availability of software kept the field from growing until the early 1980s, when the computer memory required for bitmap graphics (in which an image is made up of small rectangular pixels) became more affordable. They do not make judgements, decisions or control any output devices. Computer Science is the systematic study of computation with respect to computer systems and software applications. So called time-sharing systems emerged in the 1960s to allow several users to run programs at the same time from different terminals that were hard-wired to the computer. Abstraction is the act of representing essential features without including the background details or explanations. To excel at and understand computer science, it is important to understand industry terminology. Computer science applies the principles of mathematics, engineering, and logic to a plethora of functions, including algorithm formulation, software and hardware development, and artificial intelligence. Computer science is the study of algorithmic processes and computational machines. Computer science is the science of the systematic processing of information. The former group used computers to help them make complex mathematical calculations (e.g., missile trajectories), while the latter group used computers to manage large amounts of corporate data (e.g., payrolls and inventories). These overlaps are the consequence of a tendency among computer scientists to recognize and act upon their field’s many interdisciplinary connections. A major accomplishment of this field was the development of the Internet. These systems came into wide use during the 1980s and ’90s, when line-edited interactions with users were replaced by graphical user interfaces (GUIs). The roots of computer science lie primarily in the related fields of mathematics, electrical engineering, physics, and management information systems. The invention of the transistor and the miniaturization of circuits, along with the invention of electronic, magnetic, and optical media for the storage and transmission of information, resulted from advances in electrical engineering and physics. He's making a quiz, and checking it twice... Test your knowledge of the words of the year. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. Computer science is the integration of principles and applications of technologies that are required to provide access to information. Mathematics is the source of two key concepts in the development of the computer—the idea that all information can be represented as sequences of zeros and ones and the abstract notion of a “stored program.” In the binary number system, numbers are represented by a sequence of the binary digits 0 and 1 in the same way that numbers in the familiar decimal system are represented using the digits 0 through 9. (Definition of computer science from the Cambridge Business English Dictionary © Cambridge University Press) But the trend in computer science has been towards more formal and precise forms of expression. This collection of fifty-nine essays on information technologies, representing the proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Information and Computing Science held in Liverpool, England in July, 2012, showcases current scholarship in variety of subject areas relating to … In the computer science and software engineering domain, the abstraction principle is used to reduce complexity and allow efficient design and implementation of complex software systems. See more. Other system software elements known as linking loaders were developed to combine pieces of assembled code and load them into the computer’s memory, where they could be executed. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. Finally, a particular concern of computer science throughout its history is the unique societal impact that accompanies computer science research and technological advancements. 1. Theoretical work on computability, which began in the 1930s, provided the needed extension of these advances to the design of whole machines; a milestone was the 1936 specification of the Turing machine (a theoretical computational model that carries out instructions represented as a series of zeros and ones) by the British mathematician Alan Turing and his proof of the model’s computational power. Over 6,500 entriesPreviously named A Dictionary of Computing, this bestselling dictionary has been fully revised by a team of computer specialists, making it the most up-to-date and authoritative guide to computing available. Computer science, or CS, entails both the theory of computation and algorithms used in software applications as well as the design of hardware used in computing devices like PCs, laptop computers, tablets and smartphones. The Computing Students Dictionary of Computer Science Definitions contains hundreds of concise definitions to help you with your studies. Computer science is the science of the systematic processing of information. Computing science synonyms, Computing science pronunciation, Computing science translation, English dictionary definition of Computing science. Data structures, along with the development of optimal algorithms for inserting, deleting, and locating data in such structures, are a major concern of computer scientists because they are so heavily used in computer software, most notably in compilers, operating systems, file systems, and search engines. It includes both hardware and software , as well as networking and the Internet . exponent: An exponent is a quantity representing the power to which some other quantity is raised. Many universities across the world offer degrees that teach students the basics of computer science theory and the applications of computer programming. This page contains a technical definition of Data. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Topics that are currently considered part of the discipline of computing science are technology rather than theory driven. To determine by mathematics, especially by numerical methods: computed the tax due. The design of appropriate user interfaces for all types of users has evolved into the computer science field known as human-computer interaction (HCI). The concept of linking separate pieces of code was important, since it allowed “libraries” of programs for carrying out common tasks to be reused. An operation that cannot be broken up into smaller parts that could be performed by different processors. Computer science definition: the study of computers and their application | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples The field encompasses both the theoretical study of algorithms (including their design, efficiency and application) and the practical problems involved in implementing them in terms of computer software and hardware. Computer science emerged as an independent discipline in the early 1960s, although the electronic digital computer that is the object of its study was invented some two decades earlier. Computer science is the study of the storage, transformation and transfer of information. Meaning, pronunciation, picture, example sentences, grammar, usage notes, synonyms and more. Let’s assume you have a leak in a water pipe in your garden. Delivered to your inbox! Quantum computing uses a combination of bits to perform specific computational tasks. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. n. The study of computation and computer technology, hardware, and software. 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